Shona Lessons

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Shona For Beginners

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Title
Lesson 0 - Introduction to Shona Lessons
Lesson 1 - Shona Vowels and Pronunciation
Lesson 2 - Shona Pronouns
Lesson 3 - Shona Possessives
Lesson 4 - Common Shona Expressions
Lesson 5 - The Verb 'To Know', In Shona
Lesson 6 - Shona Greetings and Commonly Used Words
Lesson 7 - Greetings between two children: Kumhoresana pakati pevana vaviri
Lesson 8 - Greetings between an adult and a child: pakati pemhunu mukuru nemwana mudiki
Lesson 9 - Morning greetings between two children: kumhoresana mangwanani

Lesson 6 - Greetings and Commonly Used Words

Greetings are very important in the Shona culture. This section will cover first encounter ; greetings between people who know each other but have not seen each for more than a day; morning,afternoon and evening greetings. Extended greetings will also be looked at. In the Shona culture the way young people greet each other is different from the way they greet adults and this will be clearly illustrated.

Hello - mhoro (no respect)
Hello - mhoroi (respect)
If - kana
Also - wo
You - wa/iwe(singular, no respect)
You - ma (plural and respect)
If you - kana iwe/wa
Yourself - zvako (no respect)
Yourself - zvenyu (respect)
Yourselves - zvenyu (plural)
I - nda (past tense)
We - ta(past tense)
Myself - zvangu
Itself - zvacho
Himself - zvake (s./n.r.);zvavo (pl./r.)
Herself - zvake (s./n.r.);zvavo (pl./r.)
Ourselves - zvedu
I/we(present tense)- ndi-/ti-
Good morning - mangwanani
Good afternoon - masikati
Good evening - manheru
Spend the day - swera
How - sei
How are you - urisei/wakadii (s.), murisei/makadii (pl./r.)
I am - ndiri
You are - uri (s/n.r) , muri(pl./r.)
He/She is - ari (n.r.), vari (r.)
It is - chiri,iri
You are - muri(pl./r.)
They are - vari
Fine -po
I am fine thanks - ndiripo, ndatenda
Sleep - rara
To sleep - kurara
Well - zvakanaka
Did you sleep well? - warara zvakanaka here?
I slept - Ndarara
You slept - warara(s.), marara (pl./r.)
She/He slept - arara (s.), varara (pl./r.)
We slept - tarara
They slept - varara
Wake up - muka